Paul Gauguin. French (1848-1903). Washerwoman, Arles 1888. Oil on Burlap.The William S. Paley Collection, The Museum of Modern Art, New York
The William S. Paley Collection: A Taste for Modernism
The de Young Museum, San Francisco 9/15/12 – 12/30/12.
The Portland Museum of Art in Maine 5/2/13 – 9/8/13.
Le Musée national des beaux-arts du Québec – 10/10/13-1/16/14.
Crystal Bridges Museum of American Art – Bentonville AR – 2/14-4/14.
The splendid works of art from the New York Museum of Modern Art‘s William S. Paley Collection displays over 60 paintings, sculptures, and drawings. The show highlights some of the best work by amazing artists — Claude Monet, Pierre-Auguste Renoir, Paul Cézanne, Paul Gauguin, Pablo Picasso, Georges Rouault, Henri Rousseau, Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec, and Édouard Vuillard.
William S. Paley (1901-1990) was the founder of the Columbia Broadcasting System. He grew it into a coast-to-coast radio network with over 70-radio stations, revolutionizing the medium. As CBS expanded, the CBS television network became the country’s most popular source of TV entertainment; its news division was a world leader with journalists of the caliber of Edward R. Murrow.
Paley’s interest in modern art began in the early 1930s. He collected a number of pieces during those years. He bought his first painting, Paul Cézanne’s “Self-Portrait in a Straw Hat” (1875–1876) from the artist’s son. He enjoyed art by a large variety of artists, favoring French artists in the late 19th century and early to mid 20th century. And he chose well.
Georges Braque (French 1882 -1963). Still Life on a Mantelpiece 1920. Gesso, watercolor, and pencil on paper, mounted on board.
The William S. Paley Collection, The Museum of Modern Art, New York
There are many stunning pieces in the show, but some of the most well known and admired include Picasso’s famous early painting, “Boy Leading a Horse” (1905–1906), Paul Cézanne’s “Milk Can and Apples” (1879-80) Gauguin’s “The Seed of the Areoi” (1892), and Edward Hopper’s watercolor “Ashe’s House, Charleston, South Carolina” (1929).
The Modernist and Post-Impression movements were a reaction to the final Impressionist group exhibition in 1886. They introduced two primary trends: the pursuit of formal values (as seen in Cézanne’s reconstruction of the world around him) and the vivid expression of inner worlds (epitomized by the work of Gauguin). The new balance among style, technique, identifiable subject matter, and subjective meaning ushered in 20th century’s art’s abstraction and subjectivity.
Paley had a long and fruitful relationship with New York’s Museum of Modern Art. (MOMA). The museum was founded in 1928 by Abby Aldrich Rockefeller and two of her friends. Although Abby was the wife of John D. Rockefeller Jr., he refused to fund it. MOMA struggled, moving into three temporary locations in its first ten years.
Because David Rockefeller (Abby’s son) knew that Paley was interested in modern art, in the 1930s he asked Paley to become a MOMA trustee. In 1962, he was nominated by then-chairman David Rockefeller to be its president. He became a valued advisor and generous philanthropist to MOMA, For example, in 1968 he joined a syndicate with Rockefeller and others to buy Picassos for MOMA from the wonderful Gertrude Stein collection. He later became MOMA’s chairman and remained in that post until 1985.
“The William S. Paley Collection: A Taste for Modernism” packs a tremendous visual, emotional and intellectual wallop. So please plan to visit this memorable and beautiful assembly.
Emily S. Mendel 2012. All Rights Reserved.